Amit Shah Emphasizes ‘Nyay’ Over ‘Dand’: Unveiling India’s 3 New Criminal Laws

Union Home Minister Amit Shah, a key advocate for the new criminal laws, highlighted their emphasis on justice rather than mere penal action, marking a significant departure from colonial-era legislation.

In a press briefing, Shah celebrated the shift towards a more indigenous criminal justice system, stating, “After 77 years of independence, our criminal justice system is now truly ‘Swadeshi’, operating on Indian principles.” He emphasized that these laws, enacted in the Indian Parliament, replace colonial statutes and reflect contemporary Indian societal needs.

What New Laws Say?

The three new laws—Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS), Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), and Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam (BSA)—came into force on Monday, July 1st, signaling a comprehensive overhaul. These laws aim to streamline legal processes, ensuring swifter trials and protecting the rights of victims and complainants, a stark contrast from previous laws that primarily safeguarded police rights.

Effective immediately, all new FIRs will fall under the jurisdiction of BNS, while ongoing cases will continue under the old laws until their conclusion. This legislative update marks a milestone in aligning India’s legal framework with contemporary needs and aspirations.

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About the Author: Meera Verma