Issuance Of Fake Caste Certificates: Cal HC Rejects Petitioner’s Prayer To Withdraw PIL

The Calcutta High Court on Wednesday has declined a petitioner’s prayer to withdraw a PIL filed by him alleging that fake caste certificates were obtained by some persons and on the basis of those, they secured appointments in different primary & secondary schools.


The PIL was being heard by the court along with another prayer which alleged that fraudulent caste certificates denoting people from other communities as SC were issued in various districts of West Bengal.

Earlier, the court directed the secretary of the Backward Classes Welfare Department to verify the caste certificates issued and file a report before it, and this will be submitted by the state in a tabular form on the next date of hearing on June 20.

Furthermore, petitioner Ajoy Ghosh, when asked by the court as to why he wanted to withdraw his PIL, claimed that his lawyer wasn’t pleading his matter properly.

A division bench presided by Chief Justice TS Sivagnanam, holding that this stand taken by the petitioner is absolutely false as the lawyer representing Ghosh appeared in all hearings, refused permission to him to withdraw his petition.

The bench, also comprising Justice Hiranmay Bhattacharyya directed, “Considering the sensitivity of the matter, permission for withdrawal is declined,”

The bench questioned the petitioner as to whether any pressure was exerted on him by any 3rd party or any private parties in his petition to withdraw his PIL, but Ghosh stated that no such thing has happened.

Ghosh, who stated before the court that he was a farmer by profession, was, however, allowed to change his lawyer.

The court directed that the matter will appear for hearing again on June 20.


Previously during the hearing of Ghosh’s PIL, the bench stated that if the allegation made by him in the petition is found to be true, it is a very serious matter and requires thorough investigation and all the officers, who are involved in issuance of such fake certificates, have to be prosecuted and disciplinary action has to be initiated against them.

Ghosh alleged in his petition that fake Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe certificates were obtained by some persons and that on the basis of those, they secured appointments in different primary & secondary schools.

The other similar PIL filed by Paschim Banga Bouri Samaj Unnayan Samity, along with which Ghosh’s petition is being heard, alleged that the fraudulent caste certificates have been issued rampantly by several sub-divisional officers in various districts in the state certifying people from other communities as belonging to Scheduled Caste.

The court noted that the National Commission of Scheduled Castes (NCSC) has taken up into the matter and made appropriate recommendations to the state authorities.

On December 12, 2023, the court directed the secretary, Backward Classes Welfare Department to issue appropriate circulars to all the district magistrates to cause appropriate verification of the caste certificates issued, more particularly which got issued in the recent past.

It also directed that a standard operating procedure be devised at the state level and communicated to the district magistrates, who would direct the appropriate authority to conduct proper investigation of the genuineness of the caste certificate issued.

The bench directed the secretary of the Backward Classes Welfare Department to file a report before this court.

Notably, that the documents were voluminous, on April 14, the court directed the authority concerned of the state government to file an affidavit containing precise details of verification and action taken in a tabulated format.

This will be produced before the court on the next date of hearing on June 20, the state’s lawyer submitted on Wednesday.

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About the Author: Meera Verma